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中国教育报解读大连综合中等专业学校办学理念——职业教育的真谛
作者: admin  发布时间: 2017-02-22 20:46:52 阅读数: 4497


zhiyejiaoyudezhendi 

——dalianzonghezhongdengzhuanyexuexiaobanxuelinianjiedu 

zhangyuwen jinxiaohe \wen

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2008nian6yuekaochameiguomashengligongxueyuan

金小河(左),毕业于辽宁师范大学历史系,曾任石油企业团委书记,高校系党总支书记,现任大连综合中等专业学校校长、教授。担任中国职业技术教育学会德育工作理事会理事,是辽宁省职业教育先进个人、大连市优秀共产党员。主要着述有《思想品德修养》、《中华的魅力》、《中华传统美德》等。

多年来,她致力于高中阶段的教育研究,提出了把中等职业教育和普通高中教育有机结合,发挥两种教育的优势,加强职业教育中的文化基础课,使90%的中专生毕业后取得大专学历,5%的学生升入本科院校;从2001年开始,开办以美术特长、技术特长和科技特长为主的特色高中,所有的高中学生毕业时都获得一门技术的岗位证书。85%的学生升入高等学校后显示出技术特长。开办具有特色的校本课程,使学生在接受文化技术科技教育的同时也接受诵读、音乐和国防等教育。

她强力推行教学改革,提出以技术为核心的专业建设,以案例为主要形式的课堂教学,实现了学校与企业的零距离,教师与工程技术人员的零距离、学生与企业员工的零距离的校企合作目标。

她从事中等职业教育近20年,始终坚持为学生的终身负责的治校方针,提出“学习三年,当兵三年,受益终身”的校训,科学地解决了学生成长中的心理健康与生理健康问题。建校至今7000多个日日夜夜她坚持与学生同吃同住,19个春节从未离开学校。亲自担任思想教育课程并设立校长妈妈信箱,与学生通信达120余万字,并在此基础上提炼、编辑出版专着《校长妈妈信箱》。

她坚持不懈地把职业教育发展中遇到的问题作为科研课题,近5年公开发表的论文有: 《开发校本课程的有效探索》、《心理健康教育是中等职业教育的首要教育》、《新课程的实践与探索》、《按照社会的用人标准构建综合性人才培养模式》、《强化内涵发展是职业教育发展的必然趋势》等十几篇。

2009至2010年完成了两项国家级科研课题,即《亚搏APP以大连综合中等专业学校为样本的职业教育办学体制改革研究》、《中等职业学校校企合作最优模式探究》并分别获奖。


【张玉文对话职业院校名校长系列】之一

■编者按

在祖国渤海南端的大连市,有一所规模2000人的学校——大连综合中等专业学校。十几年来,它发展的每一步,都备受人们的关注,也都会引起人们的思索。学校坚持办学体制改革,勇于探索国有民办体制的模式;坚持科学论证学校发展规模,不求最大、但求最佳;坚持国际化的办学理念,为学生的终身学习奠定基础;坚持实行信息化管理,建立以管理工作项目为核心的人员聘用制度;坚持零距离的校企合作,设立起预备员工制度;坚持学校的办学特色,不断创造出令人瞩目的成绩。更让人们佩服的是,学校对学生的综合素质的培养过程,可谓是“真情+严格+坚韧”,使毕业生就业率始终保持在98%以上。虽然学校的办学条件一流,办学理念先进,却令人费解地始终保持在2000人左右的规模。是什么原因让学校领导作出这样的决策?

带着迫切了解大连综合中专的想法,不久前,曾在职教领域多年从事宣传工作的张玉文走进了综合中专的校园,亲身体验了一所现代化学校与传统教育体制学校间的差别,感受到科学办学理念指导下的和谐育人环境,感受到校长对职业教育的深刻认识和拳拳爱生之心。

maijinxuexiaodedamen,“xuexisannian,dangbingsannian,shouyizhongsheng”dexiaoxun,yingruyanlian,rangrenguomunanwang;lvsedecaopingheshumujian,kongzi、niudun、aidisheng、hualuogeng、luxun、xubeihongdengwenhuayukejimingrendehanbaiyudiaosu,rongzaiqizhong,sihuzaijiangzhecengjingdegushi;dahongdesujiaopaodaozhongjian,lvsedecaopingzuqiuchang,hailiuzheguojiazuqiumingjiangsunjihaideshenying;yundongchangbeice,zhuangyandeshengqitaipang,guoqihuweiduideduiyuanyijingzaizhunbeishengqi;zaiyundongchangdexibeifangyijiao,heisedalishijizuoshang,leifengbanshensuxiangxiongqiandehonglingjinsuifengpiaodang,xiangzhengzheleifengjingshenyongyuanzhiyinzheyidaiyouyidaiqingshaonianfenfaxiangshang。zaixiaozhangjinxiaohedebangongshili,tingzhecaochangshangdeliaolianggeshenghekouhaosheng,womenxingzhibobodikaishileyicipoyoushenyidetanhua。

职业学校的办学宗旨是要对社会负责、对学生的终生负责

【张玉文】看到你们学校的优美环境,也了解你们的教育教学质量令人折服。尤其是建校十几年来,不仅毕业生的就业率达到了98%以上,而且,经常有毕业生被国家重要部门选拔到北京等地工作。常听你们学校的毕业生说: 在学校时有抱怨情绪,但是,离校以后却感到唯有自己的母校最好。您能谈谈这是为什么吗?

【jinxiaohe】ninhenguanxinwomenxuexiaodefazhan,qingkuangzhangwodefeichangzhunque,xueshengdefanyingyehenzhenshi。zheihewomenxuexiaotichude“xuexisannian、dangbingsannian、shouyizhongsheng”dexiaoxunyouzhijieguanxi。zaizhangqidejiaoyushijianzhong,womenshenshenderenshidao,zhiyejiaoyudezuizhongmude,yinggaishipeiyangchushehuisuoxuyaode、zuixianjindelaodongshengchanli。congzheizhongyiyishangshuo,zhiyexuexiaosuochengdandeduirendepeiyangrenwu,shishifenzhongyaode。yinggaicongyixiasangefangmianlaitanzheigewenti。

第一个原因是: 职业教育培养的毕业生,大多数在毕业后直接就业,成为现实的劳动力。我国的劳动力水平高低,直接取决于职业学校培养的毕业生的素质。现在,我国的多数企业已经没有培训机构,劳动力的培养培训,已经完全社会化了,企业员工培养任务基本上依赖于职业学校。

第二个原因是: 人类已经近入高科技时代,技术与材料的更新,以及与此相适应的工艺和管理的改革,要求劳动力必须有再学习的能力。尽管职业学校的教学改革不断深化,基本解决了学生毕业后能立即上岗顶岗问题,可是三年的时间,对于大部分技术和产品来说,已经开始被新技术和先进产品代替了。所以,职业学校不仅要让学生掌握某种技术的熟练操作,更要培养学生的再学习能力。

第三个原因是: 职业学校培养的是现实的劳动者,劳动者的技术是决定劳动产品质量的重要因素,而最终决定劳动产品产量和质量的是劳动者的综合素质,即对企业的忠诚、劳动态度、纪律观念、服从意识、团队精神、身心健康等。一句话,职业学校的办学宗旨是要对社会负责、对学生的终生负责!

【张玉文】您对职业教育的认识我非常赞同。但是在实践中,怎样才能实现职业学校的办学宗旨呢?

【jinxiaohe】shia,wangwangtanrenshi、jianglilundourongyizuodao。danshi,daoshijigongzuozhonghennanzuodao,gengburongyijianchi。zheilibujinyouxuexiaoneibudetongyirenshiheshishinandu,yeyoushehuidahuanjingdeyingxiang,yijigerenliyiyushehuizerenjiandetongkujueze。diyigenantijiushixuexiaodebanxueguimoqueding。jinjinian,chuxianlezhiyexuexiaodezhenghehekuojian,buduanchuxianxuduowanrenxuexiao。xueshengduo,xuexiaoshouruduo,laoshidegongziyehuitigao,zheishishishi。youqiwomenxuexiaodebanxuetizhiwenti,zhijinhaimeiyouconggenbenshangjiejue。suoyi,banxuedeshouruduixuexiaofazhanhejiaogongdegerenliyi,xiandegengweizhongyao。keshi,dangwomenmianduixueshengdexianzhuanghejiaoshidenenglishuipingshi,faxianxuexiaodebanxuelinianyuxianshizhijiandemaodunfeichangtuchu。zhongsuozhouzhi,zhiyexuexiaodeshengyuandaduoshushizaichushenggaobiyekaoshihou,disanpiciluqudechuzhongbiyesheng。tamenzaijiunianyiwuzhidejiaoyuzhong,huoduohuoshaodishiqulejieshouyouzhijiaoyudejihui。haiyoudexuesheng,youyujiatinghezishendeyuanyin,yangchengleyixiebuhaodexiguan。xuexichengjibudabiaodeyuanyin,bingbuwanquanshizhilihexuexitaiduwenti,ershizhuzhongwentidejijiesuozhi。ruguozaizhiyexuexiaodesannianxuexidangzhong,zheixiewentidebudaogenbenxingdezhuanbian,mairushehuiyihou,jinguanyoulebiyezheng,xuexiaotuijianlejiuyegangwei,danyehenkuaihuibeitaotai。jinguanzhiyexuexiaodezhaoshengyoukunnan,danshiruguobuweishixiankexuedebanxuelinian,womenxiangkuodaguimodao3000—4000ren,haishibuchengwentide。keshixuexiaoweiledadaobasuzhijiaoyuguanchuanzaixueshengmeitianshenghuo24xiaoshidexingzouzuowozhongquzhimude,congshenghuorushoukaishigaibianxuesheng16nianyangchengdebuliangxiguan,zijianxiaozhijin,17nianlai,yizhijianchixueshengquanbuzhuxiao,shixingjunshihuaguanli。jinzheiyangyizhonggaibianxueshengxiguan,peiyangxueshengdezilinengli、jilvguannian、xiezuonenglihefucongyishidejiaoyumude,jiuyaobiquanrizhizouduxueshengsuozhanyongjiaoyuziyuanduoyibeiyishang。tebieshixuexiaoderenliziyuanzhanyongbiliyexiangyingditigao,jinhouqinfuwurenyuanhebaoweirenyuanrenshu、banzhurendegongzuoliang、jiaogongzhibanfeiyongdeng,dadachaoguozouduxuexiaodezhichu。danzheixienianwomenmeiyoufangqixinnian。tichu“buqiuxuexiaoguimozuida,danqiumeigehaizishouyizuida;buqiushebeizuiyou,danqiumeigehaizishouyizuiyou”dexuexiaofazhanlinian,zheishichuziyuduiguojishangxuduoguojiabanxueguimodekaochahefenxi,shitongguoduixuduoxueshengchengzhanganlizhongdexuexiaotouruchengbendejisuan,shiduijiaoshijiaoyunengliyuxueshengjichuyupeiyangmubiaojiandetourulunzheng,shidiandingzai“buyinxuexiaoguimodaerchuxiandejiaoyumangqu,jiyigehaizizaochengzhongshenyihan”dejichuzhishang。zhengyinweizheiyangyizhongmoshi,xuexiaotichule“henzhuayigeyanzi、tuchuyigeqingzi、luoshiyigexuezi”degongzuofangzhen。zaixuexiaodejiaoxuejihuazhong,quedingleyinle、meishu、songdu、junshijinengdengkecheng,zairichangshenghuozhongduixueshengdefashi、yifu、shenghuowupindengshixingtongyiyaoqiu,bingshixinglianghuakaohe。zheiyangyilai,xueshenghelaoshidouhuigandaoyouyali,dangranyejiuyouyixieyuanqi。keshichulexiaomen,xueshengdesuzhiquemingxiandishoudaoyongrendanweidexinshanghezhongyong。tebiecanjunruwuhedaowaiziqiyejiuyedebiyesheng,qiyoushigengweituchu。danfantamenchengshuhou,zaimuxiaoshoudaodejiaoyubianchengweitamenzhongshennanwangdehuiyi。

【张玉文】通过您的介绍,我感到了职业教育的真谛之一,是要为学生的终身负责,而且,这种负责是实实在在的付出,不是停留在认识上,更不是说的一样,做的是另一样。更值得思考的是教育的科学性,在职业教育中的灵魂作用。职业教育的根本目的是提高学生的素质,而这么多年来,大家把德育工作、把人的素质提高只是寄托在一两门课程上,没有解决改变人的行为、意识等的具体教育形式和方法。如果职业教育不在改变人的素质上真正解决问题,我们国家的劳动力基础队伍将会越来越薄弱。

职业教育应属于现实生产力的重要组成部分

【jinxiaohe】worenwei,zhiyejiaoyuzaiwoguohaimeiyouzhenzhengbaidaotayinggaiyoudezhongyaodiweishang,huanjuhuashuo,jiushiwomenhaimeiyouzhenzhengbazhiyejiaoyudeshuxinggaoqingchu。yitijiaoyu,jiurenweiyinggaiyoujiaoyubumenzhuguan,jiuyaoanchuantongjiaoyudemoshiqubanxuexiao、shezhizhuanye、peibeijiaoshi、shelitongyangdebianzhi、tongyangdepingjiayukaohebiaozhundeng。jinguanwoguoxianzaidejingjimoshiyijingyuelaiyuejiejinshijiedejingjimoshi,danwomendezhiyejiaoyuhaimeiyouwanquanchongchuchuantongdeputongjiaoyumoshideshufu,zaigongxuejiehe、xiaoqihezuo,zhutuidangdijingjifazhanshanghaicunzaihendadechaju,gengbuyaoshuochengweishehuishengchanlidezhongyaozuchengbufenle。jinjinian,guojiayuelaiyuezhongshizhiyejiaoyu,jiadaletouzilidu,zheishiyijianhaoshiqing。danshi,zheixietouzishifouzhenzhengshoudaoleyingyoudexiaoyi?womenyinggairuhezuidaxiandudifahuizheixietouzidezuoyong?zhideshangque。

zhiyeyuanxiaopeiyangdexuesheng,daduoshuzaibiyehouzhijiejiuye,chengweixianshidelaodongli。yinerzhiyejiaoyudexingzhi,congtadegongnengfenxi,yingshuyuxianshishengchanlidezhongyaozuchengbufen。zheiyinggaishizhiyejiaoyudediergezhendi。woquguodefadaguojiabuduo,erqieyemeiyoutiaojiantingliuduorixizhikaocha。danshi,2006nianzaimeiguoluoshanjihagangshequxueyuanjinxingkaochahou,wojuedeyufadaguojiabijiao,liangguojianzhiyejiaoyufazhanshuipingdechaju,bingbushijingfeitouruduoshaoheshehuizhidu、yijiguominsuzhiwentideng,chajudehexinwentishiduizhiyejiaoyudebenzhiderenshi。zhiyejiaoyushiguominjiaoyudezhongyaozuchengbufen,dantabixuyudangdijingjifazhanjinmijiehe,zheishiqiqubieyuqitarenhejiaoyudezhongyaobiaozhi,huanjuhuashuo,tuoliledangdidejingjifazhanshiji,zhiyejiaoyujiushiquleyiyi。yinci,fazhanzhiyejiaoyujuebushijiaoyubumenyijiadeshi,eryingzaizhengfudetongchouxiazuidaxiandudifahuigexinggeyedeheli。meiguohagangdiqudeshequxueyuan,suiranyeyoudangdijiaoyuweiyuanhuifuzezuzhi,danzhengfuquebatazuoweizheigediqudeqiyelaodonglishuipingtigaodeshixunjidi、qiyexinchanpinshangshiqiandeyingxiaoyuweixiurencaipeixunxuexiao、diqudezhiyejieshaosuo、canjirendeguanliyujiuyezhongxindeng。zaijiejuezhiyejiaoyudehenduojutiwentishang,gaizhengfu“jingying”shequxueyuandeshouduanyezhidejiejian。

经营手段一: 职业学校的教师应该是具有实践经验的行业专家,所以政府对行业协会提出要求,凡是要取得营业许可证的从业人员,必须在社区学院担任三个月的兼职教师。

duijishujingzhandezhuanjia,shequtigongyingyetiaojian,congyezhekezaizuojianzhijiaoshidetongshijinxingyingye。zheiyangyigejiandandejuece,qishijiujiejuelezhiyexuexiaoyaoyangyidapijiaoshihezheixiejiaoshihaiyaobuduanjinxingzhishiyujinenggengxindedabijingfei。xianzaixuduoxuexiaodelingdaozuibuhaojiejuedeshizishenlaodonglidechengbenyuelaiyuegao、guanliliduyuelaiyuenandewenti。

经营手段二: 职业教育需要投入很多的经费,解决实习和实训的需求。哈岗社区学院最新式的家用电器、汽车、游艇、直升机等令人眼花缭乱的实习实训设备,并不是政府投资,而是各个企业主动送来的。

yinweizhengfuyouguiding,qiyedechanpinshangshiqian,ruguomeiyoujingguoshequxueyuanpeiyangdehegedeyingxiaoyuweixiurenyuan,qiyedexinchanpinshibuhuipizhunshangshide。lingwai,qiyebixuduizhiyexuexiaozuochutouru,fouzeqiyezaizhuceshihennantongguo,erqiyeduishequxueyuandetouruzhengfushiyoujianmianshuizhengcede。womenguojiafazhanzhiyejiaoyu,guangkaozhengfutourushiyuanyuanbugoude,womenduiqiyeyezhengshoujiaoyufujiashui,kebushaozhiyexuexiaodeshebeibingmeiyoudadaoyingyoudeshuiping。

经营手段三: 职业学校的教育者和受教育者,都应该成为能创造社会需求的、自食其力的劳动者。

zhiyejiaoyudeduixiangshishehuigegelingyudelaodongzhe、shibujinianlingdenannvlaoshao。hagangshequxueyuanyousanbaiduodeteshuxuesheng。zheixiexueshengshijibensangshilaodongnenglidecanjirenhezhizhangren。meitianqingzao,xueyuanpaichejiangquanshequdeteshuxueshengjiedaoxueyuanli,yirisancanzaixueyuanjiucan。tamendeketangjiushilaodongchejian。kanzhezheixiexueshengyonggezhongyanshen、zuochulingrenwufaxiangxiangdegezhongzishi,zailaoshidezhidaoxia,jibianshifeichangfeili,yerenzhendibayigengenlaoshicesuodechongbianqilasheng,butingdundi、zhengqidibaijinchukoudebaozhuanghezhong,zhendelingrenshifengankai。liancanjirenhezhizhangrendouyaojieshouzhiyejiaoyu,yaozishiqilidilaodong,zheiyangdeshehuipingjunlaodonglishuipingshibuyaneryude。

经营手段四: 哈岗地区政府的职业教育经费使用,是根据每天到社区学院学习的人数按月拨给。到学院学习的人员,不需要交任何费用。

xuexijieshuhou,daoxueyuandezhiyejieshaosuoshenqinggongzuo。youyushequxueyuanjizhonglexingyedegugan,suoyi,fangyuanshijipingfanggonglineizuihaodeyakeyisheng、meirongmeifashi、jisuanjinengshouhejiuyezhongxindouzaishequxueyuanli。zheiyangdebanxuelinianshishi,ruguoquanpingxuexiaozishendenenglishiwufashixiande。zaizheili,zhengfuduizhiyejiaoyudezuzhiyulingdaogongnengtixiandelinlijinzhi。

【张玉文】发达国家发展职业教育的做法的确有不少是值得我们思考和借鉴的。从学校的角度来说,又是怎样学习和借鉴的呢?

【jinxiaohe】yaboappshiyisuozongheleixuexiao,meiyouxingyedeyoushi。weilejiaqiangxuexiaodezhuanyejianshe,womenjinjinyikaoshichang,zhuazhuyanhaichengshijingjitedianhedalianshiriziqiyezhongduodeshiji,quanlidazaojisuanjihewaiyujiaoxuedepinpai,xingchenglejuyoutesedeguganzhuanye。weilejiaqiangzhuanyejianshe,jianchiyinianyicidezhuanjiayantaohui,tingqulaizigexingyedeqiyejia、lingdaoduidangdijingjifazhanqushidefenxi,youqiyetichuyongrendebiaozhun。xuexiaozhaoshengjiuyezhidaobangongshiyu400duogeqiyejianliguangfandelianxi,zaiduiqiyedeyijianjinxingfenxidejichushang,weixuexiaodezhuanyeshezhitichugaigefangan。xuexiaohaixuanbajuyouyidingzhimingduheshijianjingyandezhuanjiadanrenzhuanyedaitouren,tamenchulefuzezhuanyedejiaoxuerenwuwai,gengzhuyaodeshifuzebenzhuanyedeshichangdiaochahefazhanfangxiangdeyanjiu,bingtichujutigaigeyijian。

“xianxuanqiye,houbanzhuanye”zheiyeshiyaboappyizhijianchidebanxuelinian。youzhuanyedaidongqiye,fanguolaiqiyeyoucujinxuexiaozhuanyedefazhan,xingchengliangxingxunhuan。erqiyedejianlibixuyimanzuxueshengjiaoxueshijianweizhuyaomude。2003nian,zaiduonianjianlixiaoqihezuodejichushang,kaishijiangqiyeyinjinxuexiao,gongtongjianlishixunjidi。xueshengbuchuxiaoyuanjiunengjingongchangcanjiajiaoxueshixi,zhangwoqiyedezhuanyejishu。xingchengleketangjiushichejian,chejianyeshiketangdejiaoxuehuanjing。muqian,xuexiaoyijianqideshixunjidiyou: xinxijishushixunjidi;shukongjishushixunjidi;lvyouyufandianguanlishixunjidideng。womenrenwei,dingdanshijiaoyubushiyizhongxingshiershiyigeguocheng,tashixiaoqihezuozheigeguochengdeyoulizaiti。zaixiaoqihezuoguochengzhong,bujinyaorangxueshengshulianzhangwojineng,gengyaopeiyangtamenduiqiyedezerengan,jiashenduiqiyedelejie;tongshi,yeyingshiqiyeyoujihuilejiexueshengdechengzhangguocheng,canyuxuexiaojiaoyu,zheiyang,jijianqingleqiyefudan,zhenzhengqidaoleqiyeyongrendexushuichizuoyong,yefahuiyongrendanweidezuoyong,shiyurenxiaoguogengjiaxianzhe。weilejiaqiangxiaoqihezuodeguanli,xuexiaozhidinglexiaoqihezuoguanlifangan,dingqizhaokaixiaoqilianxihui,jiejuexiaoqihezuozhongdeshijiwenti。

zaicijichushang,womenyoutichuleshixiansangelingjuli,ji: xuexiaoyuqiyejiandelingjuli;jiaoshiyugongchengjishurenyuandelingjuli;xueshengyuqiyeyuangongdelingjulidezhuanyejianshelinian;shishileyijishuweihexinderencaipeiyangmoshi。zaijiaoxuefangfashang,qianglituixinganlijiaoxuefa。zheixiezuofaqudeleyixiechengxiao。danshi,womenduizhiyejiaoyushizhiderenshihaishiyouhendadechaju。

办学体制必须适应职业教育发展的需要

【张玉文】听到您的分析,的确感到对职业教育的认识决定了职业教育发展的水平。那么,您认为阻碍职业教育发展的问题是什么?

【jinxiaohe】woguozhiyejiaoyudefazhanmianlinxuduowenti,woxiangtantanbanxuetizhidewenti。jinguanzheigewentishiyigehenduorenbuyuanyishejidewenti,danshi,sheiyewufahuibi。zhiyejiaoyujiranshixianshideshengchanli,banxuetizhijiubixushiyingtadefazhan。

【张玉文】据我所知,在职业教育发展中,国家是大力倡导多元办学体制的。对此,您有什么体会?

【jinxiaohe】zhiyejiaoyudeshuxingjuedingletabukenengyouguojiawanquanbaobanxialai,yincidalichangdaoduoyuanbanxuetizhishizhengquede。womenxuexiaocong1992nianjianxiaozhijin,jianchibuxiedijinxingbanxuetizhigaigedetansuo,zouchuleyitiao“mianxiangguoji、lizushichang、ziwowanshan、kexuefazhan”,juyoutesedezhongdengzhiyejiaoyubanxuezhilu。shidalianshisisuoshoupiguojiazhongdianputongzhongdengzhuanyexuexiaozhiyi;guojia“shiyiwu”zhongdianjianshexinxijishushixunjidi;quanguo107suobangongbandushidianxuexiaozhiyi;liaoningshenglaodongheshehuibaozhangtingzhiyejinengjiandingzhongxin;jisuanjixinxigaoxinjishukaoshijidi;dalianshiitrencaipeiyangshixunjidi;dalianshidaxueshengjiuyepeixunjidi;dalianshizhongdengzhiyejiaoyuxinlijiankangjiaoyanzhongxin;liaoningshengguofangjiaoyushifanxuexiao。

【张玉文】在教育体制改革的大环境初步形成,但具体政策尚未明确的条件下,探索办学体制的改革道路,必定是一条充满艰辛和布满荆棘的坎坷之路。在这种情况下,你们克服重重困难,办了一所这么好的学校,令人十分感动。听学校老师说,在办学资金最困难的时候,您把自己的家产都做了校舍建设资金的抵押。我完全能够体会到您对学校的深厚情感、对学生的一份责任,是对我国教育改革前景的憧憬支持着您一直走到今天。

【jinxiaohe】ganxienindelijie,wotingleganjuefeichangwennuan。zaizheiliwotebieyaotidaodeshiyaboappdelaoshi,tamenshiyizhilebuqideduiwu。19nian,dajiajianchigaigexinnianbudongyao;jianchikexuedefazhanguan;jianchiyishishiweiyiju,yifalvweizhunsheng;jianchizaililunzhidaoxiajinxingshijian。

【张玉文】您认为办学体制改革的深入应从哪些方面努力呢?

【jinxiaohe】worenwei:

(一)要进行深入的理论研究,进一步明确教育体制改革的本质、内涵、对象及内容。

zaishijianzhongchangchangtingdao“banxuetizhigaige”he“guanlitizhigaige”dengduozhongbiaoshu。banxuetizhiyuguanlitizhishilianggeneihanbuwanquanyizhideliangzhongtizhidexingshi,qianzheshiyibanxuezhuti(jijubanzhe)deshenfen、xuexiaozichanshuxing、renyuanzuchengleibiedengweizhuyaoneihan;houzhezhuyaoyiguanlicengmian、quanxian、fangshiweizhuyaoneihan。jiaoyutizhigaigeyingshiliangzhejianyou,ruguozhishijuxianyuguanlitizhishangdegaige,rengranwufashizhiyejiaoyushiyingshehuihejingjifazhanxianshidexuyao。

jiaoyutizhidegaige,yinggaibaokuobanxuetizhigaigeheguanlitizhigaigelianggefangmian。ruguobujiejuebanxuetizhi,guanlitizhigaigeruwubenzhimu,wuyuanzhishui。

(二)在组织进行实践的基础上,进一步加强政策研究。

biru,banxuetizhigaigeshibishejizichanhezibenshuxing,zheishibukehuibide。youguanbumenyingjiaqiangyanjiubingzhidingxiangguanzhengce。zhiyejiaoyudefazhanqushi,yinggaishichanjiaojiehe、xiaoqihezuodeshehuizhiyejiaoyutixi。zheizhongjiaoyutixi,dadacujinleguojiadejingjifazhanhegongminsuzhidetigao。zheiyidianyijingbeifadaguojiadeshijiansuozhengming。erxiaoqihezuodemoshi,chulexuyaoyouguojiafalvguiding、qiyexuyaohezeren,youyitiaobunengfouren,jiushixiaoqizhijiandeliyijiehe。ruguomeiyouyigeshiheqishuangfangliyidejiehemoshi,yejiushiwomenjingchangshuode“shuangying”,kongpayehennanchixuzhangjiu。yinci,banxuetizhigaige,bunenghuibiliyiwenti。

【张玉文】职业教育更深刻的真谛在于必须促进生产力的发展,办学体制必须适应职业教育发展的需要,这是您更深刻的体会吧。通过今天的走访,我们找到了贵校历届毕业生高就业率的答案,也明白了用人单位愿意把你们学校建成人才培养基地的原因。

版权所有: 大连综合中等专业学校 大连市综合高级中学
地址: 中国·辽宁省大连市甘井子区张前路76号 邮编: 116033

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